Uganda is proud to be named "The Pearl of Africa" (a name given by Winston Churchill). The magnificently lush and unspoiled landscapes, wildlife safari and preservation centers, friendly people, and welcoming culture captured his heart during his visit.
Location: Uganda is a located in East Africa neighbored by Kenya on the east, Sudan on the north, Democratic Republic of Congo on the west, Rwand on the southwest, and Tanzania on the south. Uganda's area in square miles is about the size of Oregon.
Government: Uganda became a democratic country after gaining independence from United Kingdom in 1962. They celebrate their Independence Day on October 9th! Since 1986, Uganda has elected President Yoweri Kaguta Museveni as the leader of their country. However, Tribal kings (from the kingdoms of Toro, Ankole, Busoga, Bunyoro, Buganda, and Rwenzururu) also remain highly respected to people within their tribe. Historically, Uganda is remembered for their tyranical dictator, Idi Amin, whose reign of Uganda during the 1970s left the country in economic dispair and over one hundred thousand innocent Ugandans murdered.
Language: Although the "official" language is English, Ugandan are proud of their native languages of Luganda and Swahili. Since there are many regions and tribal linguistics, Luganda can be difficult for fellow some Ugandans to understand. Therefore, all schools and official government business in Uganda is conducted in English.
Climate: Since Uganda is a county along the Equator, temperature are tropical (typically 70-85 degrees Fehreheit). The dry seasons in Uganda are December-Februrary and June-August. Frequent and heavy rainfall is typical outside of those months. More precipitation falls in the central and southern part of Uganda.
Economy: For decades, Uganda's economy suffered from devastating economic policies and instability, leaving Uganda as one of the world's poorest countries. The country maximizes its natural resources of extremely furtile soil which produces plentiful cash crops, fishing industry, and sizable mineral deposits. One of Uganda's largest exports is coffee. Currency in Uganda is the Ugandan shilling (UGX), which range in currency denominations from 50-50,000. Typical exchange rate per American dollar is 2400 Ugandan shillings.
People: The most current 2009 population was estimated at 32.4 million people. About 85% of Ugandans are Christians (pretty equally practicing Catholics & Protestants/Born Again); Muslims follows a distant second at 12%. HIV/AIDS have devasted Uganda (like other African counties); however, Uganda has made responsible use of medications and public education as efforts to stabilize the infection rate.
For more comprehensive history of Uganda, please click on one of the following links: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uganda